Atul Gawande has written about this, focusing on acute care and hospital based settings. However, this explosion in complexity is every bit as evident in the ambulatory environment. In some sense it may be worse since most of our interventions happen in a much less controlled environment which provides less consistent feedback for patients and providers alike.
I am reminded of a quote from Thomas Sowell in his book "The Quest for Cosmic Justice", where he notes:
Unfortunately, the inherent scarcity of resources means that all of the evils that are preventable seriatum are not preventable simultaneously
This leads to even more complexity which drives those practicing into greater focus on even narrowing areas of expertise and ownership of responsibility. It is a cycle which results in greater and greater complexity and less and less integration of care.
I am reminded to a host of other industries where control of complex systems have been moved out of human hands. Airline pilots increasingly are managers of computer systems with fly airplanes. Manufacturing has moved from human controls to computer controls as well as use of robots to replace human labor. In each of these environments it was recognized that the human mind is not the ideal tool to manage huge amounts of information.